This document applies to all NIH grants and cooperative agreements for budget periods beginning on or after October 1,
Background Windows XP for workstations and Windows Server for servers are Microsoft operating systems that have reached their end of life. Operating systems  are critical software on computers that serve as a foundation to allow all other programs, software, and applications to run on the computers.
Simply put, it makes sure that different programs and users do not interfere with each other and operate as intended.
Because of its importance, operating systems must be updated on a regular basis to patch security vulnerabilities and, if necessary, upgraded completely in order to fix crucial weaknesses or to address new threats to its functionality.
The older an operating system gets, the more security vulnerabilities it has and, at some point, software companies such as Microsoft stop supporting the software with new patches.
When this occurs, vendors will offer more current versions of their operating system, to which organizations should upgrade in order to ensure that its computers are not vulnerable to attack and compromise. That means Microsoft made a business decision to stop supporting these operating systems effective April and Julyrespectively, and encouraged customers to upgrade to more current versions of its operating systems.
For organizations that do not upgrade its Windows computers by the end of life deadline, Microsoft offers support for these systems on a contracted fee basis. We conducted this performance audit in accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards.
Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain sufficient, appropriate evidence to provide a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions based on our audit objective.
We believe that the evidence obtained provides a reasonable basis for our findings and conclusions based on our audit objective. Detailed information on our audit objective, scope, and methodology is presented in Appendix I.
Major contributors to the report are listed in Appendix II. The IRS also discovered nearly 6, applications being used by employees to do their jobs that required an assessment of each application to determine whether it would operate on Windows 7. Approximately 1, workstations have yet to be located or confirmed as running the old operating system.
In addition, the IRS is about halfway through upgrading its Windows servers to the release of the Windows Server operating system and is now preparing for the software upgrade.
The IRS has not yet begun the upgrade to Windows Server and is in the initial planning stages for developing project budget estimates and other planning documents. Approximately 3, Windows servers continue to be delayed for upgrade. IRS officials informed us that they are uncertain this number is correct because when many of these servers were deployed, inventory controls were not in place and they are uncertain whether all of these servers are running the Windows version of the operating system.
Further, many of the legacy applications running on these servers cannot be upgraded to function properly on Windows Server without reengineering. Finally, aging infrastructure has prevented some upgrades as well.
Upgrading to the new Microsoft workstation and server operating systems is critical because older versions are not supported and regularly patched for security flaws, which makes them more vulnerable to hacking.In the Project Managment Institute's Pulse of the Profession® report, only 7% of organizations were recognized as Project Management "champions.".
The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board today proposed for public comment a new auditing standard and related amendments to enhance the auditor's reporting model. MISSION STATEMENT.
To facilitate holistic community development in the socially and economically disadvantaged communities of Southern Africa, empowering them to be better able to reach their full potential, to identify and help meet their needs, and to participate more fully in society.
A judge’s recommendation that a proposed Minnesota wind farm be nixed over turbine noise has drawn a flurry of opposition from the wind-power industry, which fears a chilling effect on development. The Office of Facility Planning and Control (FPC) is responsible for administration of the state's capital outlay budget process, which includes preparation of a preliminary state construction plan.
OverSight monitors a mac's mic and webcam, alerting the user when the internal mic is activated, or whenever a process accesses the webcam.